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Type 1 diabetes: Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic shock increases suicide risk


Type 1 diabetes: Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic shock increases suicide risk

Patients with type 1 diabetes who are hospitalized either for hyperglycaemic (high blood sugar) coma or diabetic ketoacidosis are more likely to attempt suicide, finds a recent study.

The study was presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) held in Barcelona, Spain from 16-20 September 2019.

According to the study, the diabetes patients who were hospitalized with ketoacidosis were at 2.2 times increased risk for suicide while in patients hospitalized for hyperglycaemic coma the suicide risk tripled.

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Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious diabetes complication that develops when the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin. Insufficient insulin channels the body to break down fat as fuel, resulting in the buildup of acids in the bloodstream called ketones.

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characterized by excess production of blood acids (ketones). Intravenous fluid is administered to the patient to replace extravascular and intravascular fluid and electrolyte losses. It also dilutes the levels of both circulating counterregulatory hormones and glucose. The symptoms include nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness or fatigue, shortness of breath and fruity-scented breath. Shortage of insulin also allows blood sugar to rise, which if left untreated can lead to a hyperglycaemic coma.

Jean Michel Petit, CHU (University Hospital) Dijon, France, and colleagues evaluated whether a history of ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic coma hospitalisation could be associated with an increased risk of re-hospitalization for suicide attempt among people with type 1 diabetes.

The study examined hospital data including all patients hospitalised in France for T1D, from 2008. Type 1 diabetes patients were identified from hospital records. To do away with the risk of including people with type 1 diabetes, only individuals aged 35 years and less were included.

The patients who died during the index hospitalization were excluded. Then, people with hospitalization for ketoacidosis between the index hospitalization and 31 December 2010 (as their main, related or associated diagnoses) were included in the group “ketoacidosis” and the others were included in the group “no ketoacidosis”.

People with hospitalization for hyperglycaemic coma (meaning ketoacidosis with accompanying the loss of consciousness) between the index hospitalisation and 31 December 2010 (as their main, related or associated diagnoses) were included in the group “hyperglycaemic coma”.

An epidemiologic follow-up focused on hospitalisation for suicide attempts from medicine and psychiatric hospital data was conducted from 2008 to 2017. Statistical modelling was then used to establish any association.

Also Read: Single episode of diabetic ketoacidosis retards brain growth in kids

Key findings include:

  • From 2008 to 2010, 16 431 patients aged 18 to 35 years old, were hospitalised for type 1 diabetes in France. Among them, 1 539 (9.4%) had at least one hospitalisation for ketoacidosis and 279 (1.7%) had at least one hospitalisation for hyperglycemic coma.
  • From 2008 to 2017, 107 individuals (7.0%) with ketoacidosis and 29 (10.4%) with hyperglycemic coma between 2008 and 2010 were subsequently hospitalised for suicide attempt.
  • Among patients without ketoacidosis 365 (2.5%) were hospitalised for suicide attempt.
  • After adjustment for age, gender and psychiatric disorders (acute or chronic depressive disorders, or psychosis), survival analyses showed that ketoacidosis (by 2.2 times) and hyperglycemic coma (by 3.1 times) among people with type 1 diabetes were strongly associated with increased risks of subsequent re-hospitalisation for suicide attempt from 2008 to 2017.
  • Among the 36 patients with at least 2 hospitalisations for hyperglycemic coma during the nine years after the index hospitalisation, 8 (22%) were hospitalized for suicide: a nine-times increased risk compared to patients hospitalised with type 1 diabetes but without ketoacidosis.

Also Read: Blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes: Continuous glucose monitoring bests self-monitoring of blood glucose

The authors say: “Our results showed that people with a past history of hospitalisation for ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic coma have an increased risk of re-hospitalisation for suicide attempt within 9 years from that first hospitalisation. The risk is strongly increased in patients with 2 or more hospitalisations for hyperglycemic coma.”

They add: “Identification of the risk factors of suicide is very important for the development of effective prevention strategies for suicide. Health-care professionals need to be aware of the higher suicidal risk in patients with ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic coma. The primary implication of our study is that all people with type 1 diabetes hospitalised for diabetic ketoacidosis and/or hyperglycaemic coma should have a screening of depressive symptoms and suicide ideation to reduce the risk of future suicides.”




Source: self

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  1. Sir/Madam ,
    It is very nice to note that THE TYPE 1 DIABETES is a CAUSE OR RISK FACTORS FOR SUICIDE.
    Normally people think that KILLING ONE\’S OWN BODY FOR OBVIOUS REASONS AND BY VARIOUS METHODS AS \” SUICIDE \”. At the same time EVERY BODY which has Taken BIRTH has to DIE should not be FORGOTTEN.
    The CAUSES ,TIME ,PLACE , MODES FOR \” DEATH \” TO EVERY BODY may not be or is notTHE SAME. .There are CHANCES where Many Bodies have ESCAPED OR SURVIVED BY DEATH which INCLUDES FAILURES IN COMMITTING \” SUICIDE \”.
    That Means , we should not CONSIDER OR COGNISE \” THE KILLING OF ONE\’S OWN BODY for Obvious Reasons Or Through Various Means \” SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED AS SUICIDE \”.
    THEN ? \” SUICIDE \” IS MORE A PSYCHO SOMATIC EFFECT RESULTING OR APPEARENTLY OCCURING IN KILLING OF ONE\’S OWN BODY by any Individual .
    In Majority Of SUCH DEATHS ? ? ? No one knows THE REAL CAUSE FOR DEATHS Inspite Of SUICIDAL NOTES LEFT BY THE PERSON DEAD IN THAT MANNER .
    In MANY OCCASIONS \” MURDERS \” are HUSHED UP as SUICIDE.
    One thing THAT IS CERTAIN HERE is that THE DEAD PERSON IS FREED FROM OUR WORLDLY PROBLEMS , \” BECAUSE \” no one knows What HAPPENS AFTER DEATH to The Dead Person ? And that DEAD INDIVIDUAL is not AVAILABLE for us for any sort of our Worldly Transactions.
    Hence ! ! ! KILLING ONE\’S OWN BODY BY ANY ONE DOES NOT AMOUNT TO BE CALLED AS SUICIDE . It is MENTAL DISTURBANCES OR IMBALANCES may FORCE AN INDIVIDUAL TO KILL ONE\’S OWN BODY or Make AN ATTEMPT TO KILL ONE\’S OWN BODY.
    In other words SUICIDE OCCURS IN \” MENTAL PLANE \” but Resulting in PHYSICAL DEATH.
    There are UMPTEEN NUMBER OF people are there to Speak or To Write on or about SUICIDE .
    BUT !!! ??? NO ONE is there Either to Soothan Or to SUPPORT to OVERCOME THE MENTAL AGONY OF the Individual who COULD NOT DIE in their ATTEMPT TO KILL ONE\’S OWN BODY.
    I am Now Writting THIS \” WITH PERSONAL EXPERIENCE \”.

    After REALISING THAT \” DEATH \’ IS NOT IN OUR CONTROL , I have written a Acrostic Booklet Titeled \” 100 SUICIDE CAPSULES \” by making use of all The Letters in THE WORD SUICIDE. to EXPLAIN HOW ONE COMMITS SUICIDE IN ONE OR THE OTHER WAY MENTALLY IN the day to day worldly life , for Obvious Reasons.
    I am happy to mention here that THIS WAS ALSO ONE OF THE FIVE ((5) TOPICS those I have Presented in THE 56th ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF INDIAN PSYCHIATRIC SOCIETY held at Mysorein the year 2004.
    I am open for any sort of correction and discussion to Improve my Knowledge always.
    With best wishes for betterment,
    Yours faithfully,,
    SHIVA KUMAR.T.N.B.Sc.L.L.B.A.M.I.B.M.
    No.13 ,5th CROSS , NR COLONY , BANGALORE – 560019 .
    Mobile/WhatsApp : +919483271683

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