Surgical Management of Kidney Stones: AUA/Endourological Society Guideline
American Urological Association/Endourological Society have released guideline on Surgical Management of Kidney Stones that has appeared in the Journal of Urology.
Kidney stones are a common and costly disease; it has been reported that over 8.8% of the United States population will be affected by this malady, and direct and indirect treatment costs are estimated to be several billion dollars per year in this country. The surgical treatment of kidney stones is complex, as there are multiple competitive treatment modalities, and in certain cases more than one modality may be appropriate. Proper treatment selection, which is directed by patient- and stone-specific factors, remains the greatest predictor of successful treatment outcomes.
This Guideline is intended to provide a clinical framework for the surgical management of patients with kidney and/or ureteral stones. The summary presented herein represents Part I of the two-part series dedicated to Surgical Management of Stones: American Urological Association/Endourological Society Guideline. Please refer to Part II for an in-depth discussion of patients presenting with ureteral or renal stones.
A systematic review of the literature (search dates 1/1/1985 to 5/31/2015) was conducted to identify peer-reviewed studies relevant to the surgical management of stones. The review yielded an evidence base of 1,911 articles after application of inclusion/exclusion criteria. These publications were used to create the Guideline statements. Evidence-based statements of Strong, Moderate, or Conditional Recommendation were developed based on benefits and risks/burdens to patients. Additional directives are provided as Clinical Principles and Expert Opinions when insufficient evidence existed.
The Panel identified 12 adult Index Patients to represent the most common cases seen in clinical practice. Three additional Index Patients were also created to describe pediatric and pregnant patients with such stones. With these patients in mind, Guideline statements were developed to aid the clinician in identifying optimal management.
Proper treatment selection, which is directed by patient- and stone-specific factors, remains the greatest predictor of successful treatment outcomes. This Guideline is intended for use in conjunction with the individual patient's treatment goals. In all cases, patient preferences and personal goals should be considered when choosing a management strategy.
For more details click on the link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2016.05.090