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Peyronie s Disease: AUA Guidelines 2016


Peyronie s Disease: AUA Guidelines 2016

Peyronie’s disease  is an acquired inflammatory disorder of the tunica albuginea. Microvascular trauma to the penile shaft associated with penile buckling in the erect or semi-erect state secondary to sexual activity is thought to be the most common inciting event.

Besides impacting  the  physical formation  PD has significant psychological implications. It has been fully recognized that PD can have a profound negative impact on men’s QoL. Many men with PD experience emotional distress, depressive symptoms, and relationship difficulties.

In 2016 the American Urology Association came out with the Guidelines for Peyronie’s disease

The AUA guideline speaks about the way a clinician needs to engage in Diagnostic and Treatment processes for detection and cure.

Following are major statements of the guidelines

Guideline Statements

Diagnosis

  • Clinicians should engage in a diagnostic process to document the signs and symptoms that characterize Peyronie’s disease. The minimum requirements for this examination are a careful history (to assess penile deformity, interference with intercourse, penile pain, and/or distress) and a physical exam of the genitalia (to assess for palpable abnormalities of the penis).(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians should perform an in-office intracavernosal injection (ICI) test with or without duplex Doppler ultrasound prior to invasive intervention.(Expert Opinion)
  • Clinicians should evaluate and treat a man with Peyronie’s disease only when he has the experience and diagnostic tools to appropriately evaluate, counsel, and treat the condition.(Expert Opinion)

Treatment

  • Clinicians should discuss with patients the available treatment options and the known benefits and risks/burdens associated with each treatment.(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians may offer oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to the patient suffering from active Peyronie’s disease who is in need of pain management.(Expert Opinion)
  • Clinicians should not offer oral therapy with vitamin E, tamoxifen, procarbazine, omega-3 fatty acids, or a combination of vitamin E with L-carnitine. [Moderate Recommendation; Evidence Strength Grade B(vitamin E/omega-3 fatty acids/Vitamin E + propionyl-L-carnitine )/ C( tamoxifen/procarbazine)]
  • Clinicians should not offer electromotive therapy with verapamil.(Moderate Recommendation; Evidence Strength Grade C)
  • Clinicians may administer intralesional collagenase clostridium histolyticum in combination with modeling by the clinician and by the patient for the reduction of penile curvature in patients with stable Peyronie’s disease, penile curvature >30° and <90°, and intact erectile function (with or without the use of medications).(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians should counsel patients with Peyronie’s disease prior to beginning treatment with intralesional collagenase regarding potential occurrence of adverse events, including penile ecchymosis, swelling, pain, and corporal rupture.(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians may administer intralesional interferon α-2b in patients with Peyronie’s disease.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians should counsel patients with Peyronie’s disease prior to beginning treatment with intralesional interferon a-2b about potential adverse events, including sinusitis, flu-like symptoms, and minor penile swelling.(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians may offer intralesional verapamil for the treatment of patients with Peyronie’s disease.(Conditional Recommendation)
  • . Clinicians should counsel patients with Peyronie’s disease prior to beginning treatment with intralesional verapamil about potential adverse events, including penile bruising, dizziness, nausea, and pain at the injection site.(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians should not use extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for the reduction of penile curvature or plaque size.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians may offer extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) to improve penile pain.(Conditional Recommendation)
  • Clinicians should not use radiotherapy (RT) to treat Peyronie’s disease.(Moderate Recommendation;)  
  • Clinicians should assess patients as candidates for surgical reconstruction based on the presence of stable disease.(Clinical Principle)
  • Clinicians may offer tunical plication surgery to patients whose rigidity is adequate for coitus (with or without pharmacotherapy and/or vacuum device therapy) to improve penile curvature.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians may offer plaque incision or excision and/or grafting to patients with deformities whose rigidity is adequate for coitus (with or without pharmacotherapy and/or vacuum device therapy) to improve penile curvature.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians may offer penile prosthesis surgery to patients with Peyronie’s disease with erectile dysfunction (ED) and/or penile deformity sufficient to prevent coitus despite pharmacotherapy and/or vacuum device therapy.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians may perform adjunctive intra-operative procedures, such as modeling, plication or incision/grafting, when significant penile deformity persists after insertion of the penile prosthesis.(Moderate Recommendation)
  • Clinicians should use inflatable penile prosthesis for patients undergoing penile prosthetic surgery for the treatment of Peyronie’s disease.(Expert Opinion)

To read the full article click on the following link:

https://www.auanet.org/education/guidelines/peyronies-disease.cfm

 


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