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Now Fecal transplant by oral capsule to prevent Clostridium difficile infection

Now Fecal transplant by oral capsule  to prevent Clostridium difficile infection

Why The Research Is Interesting: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) causes inflammation of the colon and severe diarrhea. The infection occurs when normal gut bacteria are disrupted. Fecal transplants to re-establish normal gut bacteria are the most effective treatment for preventing CDI in people who have already had the infection. Giving the treatment by a pill would save time and cost relative to giving the treatment by colonoscopy if the two treatments were no different.

Who and When: 116 patients with recurrent CDI enrolled from October 2014 to September 2016 and followed through 2016.

What (Study Measures):

Exposure: Patients were nearly evenly divided to receive a fecal transplant using a capsule or colonoscopy.

Outcome: Number of recurrent CDIs 12 weeks after fecal transplant.

How (Study Design): This was a noninferiority randomized clinical trial (RCT). Noninferiority RCTs are designed to assess whether one treatment (in this case capsule-based fecal transplant) was “no worse” than a comparison treatment (colonoscopy-based fecal transplant).

Authors: Dina Kao, M.D., F.R.C.P.C., of the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, and coauthors.

Results: Recurrent CDI was prevented after a single treatment in 96 percent of patients in both groups after 12 weeks; more patients who received capsules rated their experience as “not at all unpleasant.”

Study Limitations: Patients with severe and complicated CDI were excluded, so the findings may not apply to those cases.

Study Conclusions: Fecal transplant using oral capsules may be as effective as colonoscopy to prevent recurrent CDI.

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Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh Joined Medical Dialogue as Reporter in 2016. she covers all the medical specialty news in different medical categories. She also covers the Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in medical filed. She is a graduate from Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University. She can be contacted at Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: Eureka Alert

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