MRI not useful after normal CT in neck injuries : JAMA
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) continues to be performed for cervical clearance of obtunded blunt trauma, despite poor evidence regarding its utility after a normal computed tomographic (CT) finding.Researchers at Yale conducted a study to evaluate the utility and cost-effectiveness of MRI vs no follow-up after a normal cervical CT finding in patients with obtunded blunt trauma and found that the cost of a follow-up MRI after a normal CT scan for unconscious patients with blunt neck injuries may outweigh the benefit.It implies that Magnetic resonance imaging may have a lower health benefit and a higher cost compared with no follow-up after a normal computed tomographic finding in patients with obtunded blunt trauma of the cervical spine.The findings have been published in JAMA Surgery.
Individuals who suffer an injury to the back of the neck, or cervical spine, after a car accident, serious fall, or other blunt trauma typically receive a CT scan. If that test is negative for a bone fracture, clinicians often follow up with an MRI to check for damage to ligaments. Ligament injury might imply instability, which if not fixed, could potentially lead to spinal cord injury. However, in recent years, the utility of routine MRIs for these injuries has come into question.
Senior study author Ajay Malhotra, M.D. and his colleagues conducted an analysis based on published patient data. They found that the average cost of the follow-up MRI was $14,185 and that there was no difference in health benefits, as measured in “quality of life” years, for patients who had the test versus those who didn’t, the researchers noted.
The study results may be explained in part by the frequency of false-positive results from MRIs. The conclusion could be informative for emergency care physicians and healthcare policymakers, said Malhotra.
For more details click on the link : doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2018.0099