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Half of people aged 40-54 have hardened arteries: study


Half of people aged 40-54 have hardened arteries: study

Half of the middle-aged people who are normal weight and don’t smoke or have diabetes may have clogged arteries, researchers said Thursday, urging stronger measures to lower cholesterol.

A high level of so-called “bad cholesterol,” or LDL-C, is the main reason why apparently healthy individuals suffer heart attacks or strokes in middle age, said the report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC).

“Atherosclerotic plaques are present in 50 percent of middle-aged individuals (40-54 years old) with no classical cardiovascular risk factors,” said the study.

The report was based on nearly 1,800 people who had no classical risk factors for heart disease or stroke.

LDL cholesterol was the top predictor of arteries that were in the process of hardening but had not yet caused a health crisis.

Current guidelines from the US National Cholesterol Education Program describe LDL-C levels that are above 160 mg/dL as “high.” Those from 130 mg/dL to 159 mg/dL are considered “borderline high.” Experts should consider lowering these thresholds to improve population health, the researchers argue.

“Although the absence of classical cardiovascular risk factors is linked to a low risk of cardiovascular events, people in this situation still have heart attacks and strokes,” said lead author Leticia Fernandez-Friera.

“We therefore need to define new markers of early atherosclerosis in these apparently healthy individuals.”

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Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh Joined Medical Dialogue as Reporter in 2016. she covers all the medical specialty news in different medical categories. She also covers the Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in medical filed. She is a graduate from Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University. She can be contacted at editorial@medicaldialogues.in Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: AFP

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