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Grief due to loss of spouse can lead to death


Grief due to loss of spouse can lead to death

The researchers in a new study have found that  Grief can cause inflammation that can kill.

Chris Fagundes, an assistant professor of psychological sciences at Rice University and co-researchers at   Rice University conducted a study to evaluate the impact of grief on human health. The study, “Grief, Depressive Symptoms and Inflammation in the Spousally Bereaved,” will appear in an upcoming edition of Psychoneuroendocrinology. Grief and heartbreak are inseparable and when you  lose someone you can’t live without like your spouse your heart will be badly broken.

The investigators interviewed and also examined the blood of 99 people who spouses had recently died. They compared people who showed symptoms of elevated grief – such as pining for the deceased, difficulty moving on, a sense that life is meaningless and inability to accept the reality of the loss – to those who did not exhibit those behaviors. The researchers discovered that widows and widowers with elevated grief symptoms suffered up to 17 percent higher levels of bodily inflammation. And people in the top one-third of that group had a 53.4 percent higher level of inflammation than the bottom one-third of the group who did exhibit those symptoms.

“Previous research has shown that inflammation contributes to almost every disease in older adulthood,” Fagundes said. “We also know that depression is linked to higher levels of inflammation, and those who lose a spouse are at considerably higher risk of major depression, heart attack, stroke, and premature mortality. However, this is the first study to confirm that grief — regardless of people’s levels of depressive symptoms — can promote inflammation, which in turn can cause negative health outcomes.”

This finding is an important revelation in the study of how human behaviors and activities impact inflammation levels in the body, Fagundes said, and it adds to a growing body of work about how bereavement can affect health. His initial work showed why those who have been widowed are at higher risk of cardiovascular problems, bodily symptoms, and premature mortality by comparing inflammation in spousally bereaved individuals to matched controls.

“This work shows who, among those who are bereaved, are at highest risk,” Fagundes said. “Now that we know these two key findings, we can design interventions to target this risk factor in those who are most at risk through behavioral or pharmacological approaches.”

The study was co-authored by Rice psychological sciences graduate students, Ryan Brown and Michelle Chen,; Kyle Murdock, an assistant professor of biobehavioral health at Pennsylvania State University and a former postdoctoral research fellow in the Fagundes laboratory at Rice; Levi Saucedo, a research assistant at Rice; Angie LeRoy, a postdoctoral research fellow at Rice; Lydia Wu, a fellow in psychological sciences at Rice; Luz Garcini, a postdoctoral research fellow at Rice; Anoushka Shahane, a Ph.D. student at Rice; Faiza Baameur, a postdoctoral fellow of pharmacology at Vanderbilt University; and Cobi Heijnen, a researcher at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.

For more details click on the link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.10.006 

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Hina
Hine Zahid Joined Medical Dialogue in 2017 with a passion to work as a Reporter. She covers all the stories related to Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in the medical field. Email: hina@medicaldialogues.in. Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: With inputs from Psychoneuroendocrinology

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  1. user
    Dr Ramesh Vardhan October 30, 2018, 1:22 pm

    IT IS MY OBSERVATIONS OVER THE YEARS ( >20 years). Death of spouse followed demise of the lifepartner ( husband/ wife ) is seen with in year or two. Similarly soon after the RETAIRMENT . ( Some where close to 30% ). Loneliness, lack of care, fear of insecurity , feeling helplessness , kind of fear and guilt, ofcourse the age & health related issues also play an important part. Coming still birth & death soonafter birth birth , very few women showing emotional outburst. ( Specially rural & semi-urban regions ) EVEN THE CLOSE RELETIVES OF THE PATIENTS ARE WORRIED MORE ABOUT BADI JAN, TAYI, TALLI , AMMA, MAA THAN THE NEWBORN.

  2. user
    Dr Geraldine Sanjay October 29, 2018, 10:05 pm

    What about losing your baby through abortion natural & legal/MTP❓