This site is intended for Healthcare professionals.

Exercise lowers blood sugar and may help prevent diabetes

Exercise lowers blood sugar and may help prevent diabetes

Exercise and enhanced physical activity may lower blood sugar and help prevent diabetes.

Higher is the exercise level and physical activity lower will be your blood sugar levels — is the gist of a recent study published in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation. This study further affirms the association between physical inactivity and increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

The study found that this association between a higher degree of physical activity and lower blood sugar is independent of menopause status, sex, and first‐degree family history of diabetes.

................................ Advertisement ................................

Exercise training is a recognized strategy central to the prevention, treatment, and management of diabetes and prediabetes. Aerobic exercise makes your heart and bones strong, relieves stress and improves blood circulation.

A complete exercise routine includes four kinds of activities:

................................ Advertisement ................................

  • Continuous activity—walking, using the stairs, moving around—throughout the day
  • Aerobic exercises, such as brisk walking, swimming, or dancing
  • Strength training, like lifting light weights
  • Flexibility exercises, such as stretching

Dr Xiang Hu, First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang, China, and colleagues conducted the study to investigate the association between physical activity and blood sugar, as well as the influence of sex, menopause status, and family history of diabetes.

Also Read: Resistance Training Exercises reduce blood sugar and risk of diabetes

For the analysis, the researchers enrolled  2601 normal weight individuals (average age of 57.85 ± 8.39 years) from  REACTION study. They then divided them into three groups:

  1. inactive (moderate‐to‐vigorous‐intensity physical activity [MVPA] < 30 min/week),
  2. low‐degree (MVPA ≥ 30 and ≤ 420 min/week); and
  3. high‐degree (MVPA > 420 min/week) active groups.

They found that:

  • After adjustment for sex & menopause status and family history of diabetes respectively, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2‐hour plasma glucose (2hPG), and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) decreased through inactive, low‐degree and high‐degree active groups.
  • The association of blood glucose indexes with physical activity was independent of this association with sex & menopause status and first‐degree family history of diabetes, respectively.
  • MVPA was an independent factor associated negatively with FPG, 2hPG, and HbA1c, respectively.

Also Read: A new pattern of physical activity to aid in type 2 diabetes

Several mechanisms underlie the association between blood glucose and physical activity. “First, physical activity was capable of increasing energy consumption, reducing the onset of obesity, which was an independent risk factor for abnormal blood glucose. Second, physical activity-activated the glucose transporter 4 to transfer to the surface of the muscle cells, leading an increase in uptake of skeletal muscle glucose and improvement of the patients’ insulin resistance,” explain the authors.

Based on the study, the authors strongly recommended physical activity with adequate time and intensity to individuals with familial and sexual susceptibility to diabetes but without overweight/obesity.

“Future study should be performed to investigate the associations among diabetes, insulin resistance, central obesity, physical activity, and muscle mass in individuals with a healthy weight,” concluded the authors.

For detailed research log on to

Source: With inputs from Journal of Diabetes Investigation

Share your Opinion Disclaimer

Sort by: Newest | Oldest | Most Voted
  1. Untiill or unless a person has gone into coma he or she can overcome any unaccidental disease. Doctors and medicines come afterwards, First thing is patient\’s own desire, otherwise all tretments, discussions, discoveries are useless.

  2. user
    Parmanand Srivastava April 26, 2019, 9:47 pm

    Dr Tripti Srivastava, paediatric occupational therapist in koparkhairne is a very experienced and humble number 9892187619
    Akriti Child Development Centre
    Dr. Tripti Srivastava Occupational therapist ( OT ) with team of speech therapists and special educators pediatric special children
    SS3 ~ 825 Sector 1 , Koparkhairne , near Sai Baba Temple Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra 400709

  3. user
    Mrs. Manoharan April 26, 2019, 9:16 pm

    Diabetes is completely curable as well as reversible by exercise, diet and 16:8 fasting at the pre-diabetes stage.

  4. Please let me know what is 16:8 fasting

  5. Good information.

  6. There is no perfect cure of dibeties . No advonce research it is business only if you are dibetic you are pareshing slowly slowly to death. Medical scince is failed to provide the perfect treatment.

  7. Diabetes can be reversed by Change in Lifestyle combined with Medication, done at some private run institutions.

................................ Advertisement ................................