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Early antiretroviral therapy may lead to bone loss in patients with HIV


Early antiretroviral therapy may lead to bone loss in patients with HIV

Washington D.C. [USA]: A recent study has found that early antiretroviral treatment (ART) at the time of diagnosis may lead greater bone loss compared with deferring ART.

The study followed 399 participants (195 immediate ART and 204 deferred ART) for an average of 2.2 years.

Although the study revealed a negative effect on bone density of immediate ART, the overall benefits of ART for preventing HIV transmission and adverse health outcomes prevail.

It will be important to understand the long-term consequences of reductions in bone mineral density associated with ART and whether these reductions continue or stabilise with longer therapy.

Prof. Jennifer Hoy, lead author of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, said, “What we found was that starting treatment is also associated with accelerated bone loss of about 2-4%, and the rate of decline then appears to slow after the first 2 years of treatment, compared with HIV positive people who deferred treatment.”

Adding, “We have no cure for HIV, so antiretroviral treatment is for life. An increased rate of bone loss may become important years later, in the setting of increased risk of fragility fracture.”

The study was published in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh

Anjali Nimesh Joined Medical Dialogue as Reporter in 2016. she covers all the medical specialty news in different medical categories. She also covers the Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in medical filed. She is a graduate from Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University. She can be contacted at editorial@medicaldialogues.in Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: ANI

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    raman balasubramanian August 14, 2018, 8:40 pm

    what do you mean by bone loss? Ddo they become osteoorotic ? osteopenic?