A new study published in the journal Musculoskeletal Care has reported that obesity and depression were associated with chronic hip pain. The report revealed that patients with chronic hip pain were more likely to be older, obese, and depressed.
Nearly 64% of the general population reports experiencing chronic pain and the common site being the hip. Previous studies have shown an association between chronic back pain, obesity, and depression but no study has taken place showing the association with chronic hip pain.
Martin Schwarze and associates conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of 2,515 adults, 4.9 per cent reported chronic hip pain and an additional 1.5 per cent reported chronic hip pain that was disabling. Hip pain affected 1-5 sites in 47 per cent and was widespread (6-19 sites) in 50 per cent.
The chronic hip pain was defined as pain that occurred within the past 7 days and persisted over the previous 3 months. Disabling hip pain was defined according to a separate questionnaire that assessed five functionality areas, including physical, emotion, cognitive, social, and daily activity functioning. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory for Primary Care questionnaire.
The researchers found that obesity and increased values on a depression scale were associated with a 2.55-times and 8.53-times higher likelihood of chronic hip pain, respectively, compared with individuals without pain. Increased values on the depression scale also increased the likelihood of experiencing disabling chronic hip pain.
“Our results for depressive disorder showed a stronger association with hip pain than our results for obesity,” write the authors.
The study concluded that hip pain is rarely the sole site of pain. Increased values on the depression scale were associated with disabling chronic hip pain and obesity and increased values on the depression scale was associated with chronic hip pain.
For full information log on to https://doi.org/10.1002/msc.1380