This site is intended for Healthcare professionals only.

Chronic Laryngitis – GOI Standard Treatment Guidelines


Chronic Laryngitis – GOI Standard Treatment Guidelines

Dr J M Hans Ex-HOD Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology Dr.  Hospital New Delhi compiled Standard Treatment Guidelines for Chronic Laryngitis on behalf of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India which has released the same.

Following are the major recommendations:

Chronic Laryngitis Without Hyperplasia

It is a diffuse inflammatory condition symmetrically involving the whole larynx, i.e. true cords, ventricular bands, and root of the epiglottis.

Aetiology

  • It may follow incompletely resolved acute simple laryngitis or its recurrent attacks.
  • Presence of chronic infection in paranasal sinuses, teeth and tonsils.
  • Occupational factors, e.g. exposure to dust and fumes such as in miners, strokers, gold or iron smiths and workers in chemical industries.
  • Smoking and alcohol.
  • The persistent trauma of a cough as in chronic lung disease.
  • Vocal abuse.

Clinical Features

  1. Hoarseness. This is the commonest complaint
  2. Constant hawking. There is dryness and intermittent tickling in the throat and patient is complited to clear the throat repeatedly.
  3. Discomfort in the throat.
  4. Cough. It is dry and irritating.

Treatment

  1. Eliminate infection of upper or lower respiratory tract. Infection in the sinuses, tonsils, teeth or chronic chest infection should be treated.
  2. Avoidance of irritating factors, e.g. smoking, alcohol or polluted environment.
  3. Voice rest and speech therapy. Voice rest has to be prolonged for weeks or months.
  4. Steam inhalations. They help to loosen secretions and give relief.
  5. Expectorants. They help to loosen viscid secretions and give relief from hawking.

Chronic Hypertrophic laryngitis

It may be either a diffuse and symmetrical process or a localised one, the latter appearing like a tumour of the larynx.

Aetiology

Same as discussed under chronic laryngitis without Hyperplasia.

Pathology

Pathological changes start in the glottis region and later may extend to ventricular bands base of the epiglottis and even subglottis. Initially, there is hyperaemia, oedema and cellular infiltration in the submucosa. The mucous glands suffer hypertrophy at first but later undergo atrophy with diminished secretion and dryness of larynx.

Clinical features

This disease mostly affects males (8:1) in the age group of 30-50 years.

Hoarseness, constant desire to clear the throat, dry cough and discomfort in the throat when the voice has been used for an extended period of time, are the common presenting symptoms.

Examination:

On examination, changes are often diffuse and symmetrical.

  1. Laryngeal mucosa, in general, is dusky red and thickened.
  2. Vocal cords appear red and swollen.
  3. Ventricular bands appear red and swollen and may be mistaken for prolapsed or eversion of the ventricle.
  4. Mobility of cords gets impaired due to oedema and infiltration, and later due to muscular atrophy or arthritis of the cricoarytenoid joint.

Treatment

Conservative: Same as for chronic laryngitis without hyperplasia. Surgical: Stripping of vocal cords, removing the hyperplastic and oedematous mucosa, may be done in selected cases. Damage to underlying vocal ligament should be carefully avoided. One cord is operated at a time.

For further reference log on to :

http://clinicalestablishments.gov.in/WriteReadData/4251.pdf

The following two tabs change content below.
supriya kashyap

supriya kashyap

Supriya Kashyap Joined Medical Dialogue as Reporter in 2015 . she covers all the medical specialty news in different medical categories. She also covers the Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in medical filed. She is a graduate from Delhi University. She can be contacted at supriya.kashyap@medicaldialogues.in Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: With inputs from OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY

Share your Opinion Disclaimer

Sort by: Newest | Oldest | Most Voted