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Cataract associated with higher risks of osteoporosis and fracture


Cataract associated with higher risks of osteoporosis and fracture
Researchers have found in a new study that Cataract was independently associated with increased risks of osteoporosis and fracture.
Dr Huei‐Kai Huang at  Department of Family Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan and colleagues evaluated the potential impacts of cataracts and cataract surgery on the risks of osteoporosis and bone fractures.The study has appeared in  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Researchers at Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital in Taiwan studied 57,972 cataract patients who were matched to 57,972 healthy controls for the study.Individuals with and without cataracts were matched 1:1 for age, sex, and index year. Those with cataracts were further divided into cataract surgery and no surgery groups.

During an average follow-up time of 6.4 years, 17,450 patients developed osteoporosis or fractures in the cataract group, and 12,627 in the non-cataract group. The diagnosis of cataracts was associated with a 29% increased risk of developing osteoporosis or fracture. In analyses for each individual event, the diagnosis of cataracts was associated with a 43% increased risk of osteoporosis, a 16% increased risk of hip fracture, a 25% increased risk of vertebral fracture, and a 24% increased risk of other fractures. In the cataract group, patients who underwent cataract surgery had a 42% lower risk of developing osteoporosis or fracture.

The investigators concluded that cataract was independently associated with increased risks of osteoporosis and fracture. There might be an association between cataract surgery and lower risks of osteoporosis and fracture.

“Appropriate management of cataracts may decrease osteoporosis and fracture risks,” said first author Dr. Huei-Kai Huang. “I strongly recommend all elders with osteoporosis or fractures to check their vision,” added co-author Dr. Ching-Hui Loh.

For more details click on the link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15626 

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Hina
Hine Zahid Joined Medical Dialogue in 2017 with a passion to work as a Reporter. She covers all the stories related to Medical guidelines, Medical Journals, rare medical surgeries as well as all the updates in the medical field. Email: hina@medicaldialogues.in Contact no. 011-43720751
Source: With inputs from Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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