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Case report of neglected obstructive pneumonia

Case report of neglected obstructive pneumonia

Dr Matteo Boattini at Department of Internal Medicine, Santa Marta’s Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal and colleagues  reported a case of neglected obstructive pneumonia which appeared in BMJ Case reports.

Post-obstructive pneumonia is the result of airway obstruction, commonly due to lung cancer. It may also be due to some foreign body aspiration as it happened in instant case.

A 68-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and history of laryngeal cancer surgery with a tracheostomy was operated on in 1993 and right chest rib chondrosarcoma surgery was performed in 1997. The patient presented with fever and acute right-sided hypochondrium pain. His lung examination showed decreased breath sounds over the right posterior of the lower chest. 

Blood examination revealed elevation of inflammatory markers. Chest radiography showed right inferior lung lobe (RILL) consolidation and he was admitted due to community-acquired pneumonia suspect.

The Chest CT of patient revealed a foreign body (FB) not visible on the chest x-ray in the inferior right stem bronchus (black arrow) complicated by an endobronchial mass (EM, black star), pleural effusion (red star) and RILL atelectasis. Neither history of FB aspiration (FBA) nor FBA-related chronic symptoms1 such as cough, haemoptysis, dyspnoea, wheeze or recurrent pneumonia were recalled by the patient.

Figure 1

Courtesy BMJ case reports

Flexible bronchoscopy was performed and the voice prosthesis was extracted. The patient confessed that he had lost it about 1 year back.
EM biopsy revealed a granulation tissue. The patient was treated with piperacilin/tazobactam and short course of corticosteroids showing rapid improvement with significant EM size reduction.

The voice prosthesis extracted by flexible bronchoscopy.

Courtesy BMJ Case Reports

Carry Home  points

  • Foreign body aspiration is more common in children than in adults but the diagnosis in adults is frequently overlooked.
  • Although it has not been validated a short course of corticosteroids usually results in the resolution of inflammatory endobronchial mass.
  • The diagnosis of foreign body airway with obstructive pneumonia is often delayed because the patients do not always report history of choking.

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Source: self

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